I created this guide to help others make their bed frame more sturdy while saving money. And it can be a fun family project and the kids can help chose their design (might help convince them to help… if you want their help that is).
Add plywood to a bed frame to make it more sturdy using one or two sheets of 3/4″ structural plywood (not OSB or MDF) and set on top of the existing platform foundation.
The thickness should be for a bed depends on if it is used on a platform foundation or a box spring.
I only recommend two mattress and foundation companies and you might be surprised
For box spring: Plywood should be of 3/4″ thick for Full, Queen, King, and California King size. 1/2″ and 5/8″ can be used for Twin, Twin XL, and Three-Quarter sizes on platform foundations or box springs. If installing it on the box spring the corners should be rounded and sanded to prevent damage to the upholstery when weight is applied at night.
For the platform foundation: How the plywood should be for a bed on a platform foundation depends on the type of foundation:
- Metal platforms with thin metal mesh or slats require 3/4″ plywood for Full, Queen, King, and California King. 5/8″ is adequate for Twin, Twin XL, and Three-Quarter sizes, but if you shell out a couple more dollars you will have more flexibility with what you can do with the plywood when it is retired from supporting sleepers.
- Metal and wood platforms with wood slats with gaps less than three-inch only require 1/2″ thick. If the gaps between the slats are 6″- 10″ then 5/8″ thick is fine.
- Custom lumber bed frame with joists (lumber on edge rather than think slats on their flats) on 12″ on center (gaps 10″+) should be 3/4″ thick. See the chart below for the approximate costs for lumber and fasteners for a custom wood platform foundation in each size.
Plywood Base for a King Size Bed
This is a great way to save money, especially if you are using an old-style frame that requires a box spring. If you want to toss that monstrous rigid block into the garbage then follow the directions below, but remember that the king is wider than the other mattress sizes and requires more wood to build the frame (see table 1 below).
If you are trying to save money and your mattress is still good and the box spring is shot (you are sleeping in a hammock now) there is a very cheap option. You can try to extend the life of the box spring by adding plywood to the top of it. Thickness should be:
- 1/4” for a slight increase in firmness. It won’t take long for it to bow into a hammock, but you can flip it over each month when you flip your mattress.
- 1/2” for a good increase in firmness
- 5/8” provides even more firmness and has much more lasting power so perhaps you only need to flip it every two months.
- 3/4” for providing a very firm and sturdy foundation.
- 7/8” is probably overkill.
TIP 1: Round the corners of the plywood and sand them to prevent the corners from digging into the box spring material.
TIP 2: Purchase two plywood and cut them to the width of the bed and then cut them to fit the second piece to fit the foot.
This creates the joint closer to your feet where bodies are lighter.
And don’t try trimming in pieces around the perimeter. If funds are low then just toss one in the center and give it a try. You can always add more later.
Plywood Base for King Platform Foundation
If you plan to add a plywood base to a king-size bed on a failing or sub-par platform foundation should not be thinner than 3/4”. And it should be fastened to the frame to prevent it from slipping and moving around. using tie wraps with the nub under the platform to prevent damage.
Bouncing off protruding wood corners might not feel too comfortable when you just out of the fart sack in the morning.
Other reasons to consider this modification:
- you have a foam mattress, which requires the gaps to be no more than three inches. Many of the top-selling platform foundations have thin wire slats only running in one direction.
These often have gaps much larger than three inches.
This cheap fix can greatly extend the life of your foam mattress, as long as you don’t use OSB (Oriented Strand Board) which can pick your foam to pieces and your calves and shins too.
- If you have a two-sided mattress you may want to protect the bottom side from damage or overuse on thin metal wires.
Flipping it each month can certainly help, but for about $23 adding plywood is cheap insurance.
- If you are the size of Brian Shaw (450-pound strongman) or if you and the significant other are a little “under-exercised” you may want to add some extra lumber.
Be certain it covers the entire metal frame to help distribute the weight evenly.
- It can help distribute weight more evenly if your metal frame is starting to sag in the middle or if the wires are broken or failing.
A king-size bed is going to require two sheets. One sheet can just barely cover a queen with no waste left over. Some hardware stores sell half sheets so if possible buy 1 full 4′ x 8′ sheet and one 4′ x 4′ sheet.
Best Plywood for Under Mattress
The best plywood to use under a mattress is 3/4” 4′ x 8′ with at least a grade of “Good One Side”. The mattress rests on the good side to prevent damage from the indents and imperfections of the not-so-good side. This is the largest thickness found in most local hardware stores and costs about $23.
1/2” plywood can work for small children on a twin box spring and a 5/8” can work for larger children or a single person in weighing about 130lbs on box springs up to full size.
But for the small difference in price it is safer to just go for the 3/4” and make your own coffee for a couple of days to save the extra money.
TIP 3: Ask your local lumber yard if they carry D-grade, lower grade, or old sun-weathered stock to save money.
TIP 4: King size and California king require two sheets.
One sheet will perfectly cover a queen box spring but you will need to fill in one side with your cut-off pieces.
TIP 5: DO NOT use MDF (medium-density fibreboard) as it is basically sawdust glued together so it will not hold its shape laying horizontally with weight unevenly distributed.
And if it ever gets wet, or even in a humid room, it can swell to several times its size and weight.
TIP 6: If you purchase plywood that is “Good Both Sides” you can flip it each month when you flip your mattress to counteract any potential sagging.
TIP 7: If you want ventilation between the plywood and mattress but don’t want to reduce its strength by drilling a thousand holes you can purchase a 4′ x 8′ sheet of vinyl fence lattice and lay that on top of the plywood.
DO NOT go cheap and get the pressure-treated wood lattice as the treatment chemicals are harmful to humans.
Plywood Instead of a Box Spring
Installing a sheet of 1/2” plywood over the metal wires provides a smooth surface that distributes the weight evenly, which extends the life of the mattress.
The extra-long life more than pays for the sheet, which costs on average $27.57 for a 4′ x 8′ sheet.
One sheet should cover up to a queen frame, but you will have to use the left-over cut-offs from the first piece to fill in the remaining areas.
Do not use OSB (Oriented Strand Board) as it will pick at the mattress and cause damage. The edges of OSB are very ragged and your shins and calves can be shredded if you rub against it like cheese through a grater.
You will have a little more work and cost if you have an old school style bed frame where a box spring sits inside angle iron.
The same method above works, except that you will need a minimum of 3/4” which costs on average $35.
But first, you need to build a wood frame for the plywood to sit upon.
Your desired bed height determines which lumber you will need to buy. The below table should help you determine your lumber needs. Also, see the tips below the chart for saving money on this project.
* Pine is an option to make the frame stronger by fastening it to the left and right to cover the ends of the boards. It also prevents the frame from falling like dominoes.
Make sure to sand the edges to prevent scraping of shins and calves. Some hardware stores sell pine boards by the foot, so you can save money by buying pieces six feet long rather than eight feet.
** 2.5” nails and a hammer are an option if you do not have a drill.
*** You will need to buy a paintbrush if you don’t have one at home (or borrow one from a friend).
**** Due to the longer span the four inch wide lumber requires more joists.
TIP 8: MAKE ANOTHER TABLE? You can reduce the cost of the project by substituting 1” x 4” x 8′ strapping and it will look great stained
TIP 9: Substitute any leftover laminate, hardwood, or vinyl flooring to save even more money (no lumber or stain required).
TIP 10: There is another way to save money if you do not have a truck and don’t want to empty your pockets for a $45 delivery charge of only a small load.
This tip will work if you have a hatchback with fold-down back seats or a sedan with fold-down rear seats.
Measure the width of the opening from your trunk to your interior. Even small cars can handle fight foot long lumber sliding it through the trunk and onto the dash.
Measure from the back of the truck to on top of your dash.
Bring rags or towels to place between the dash and the lumber. If your car cannot handle the length of lumber that you need you can let some lumber hang out the back of the trunk and use a bungee cord to hold the trunk closed.
Use a rag or towel between the car and lumber and make sure to use a red flag available for free from the hardware store (they will staple it to the lumber for you).
“Ahhh”, you say, “what about the plywood dumb dumb”.
For this trick, you will need the lumber yard to cut the ply into two or three lengths so you end up with two or three pieces eight feet long.
Obviously, the width of the depends on the opening between your trunk and interior (hatchbacks should be able to easily handle it when cut in two pieces).
You aren’t building a piano and nobody will ever see the extra cuts. And it will work just fine too.
Oh, but you will have to put the front passenger seat back as far down into the back seat as possible.
And you may have to push the driver seat up as far as it will go with your knees wrapped around the steering wheel (unlikely, but possible)
TIP 11: If you are ok with a twin bed close to the floor you can simply purchase 1” x 4” x 8′ strapping and cut to length and place in the frame rails.
Do not leave a space between the slats more than three inches as this is the recommended maximum gap for most mattresses.
This project only costs $20 for ten pieces of 4” lumber (strapping in carpenter lingo).
TIP 12: Sink your fasteners, screws, or nails, below the surface of the plywood or they will pick the upholstery to shreds.
TIP 13: If you do the above method to transport lumber make sure the wood is not pushed up against the windshield.
I loaded up a Jetta one morning and the lumber just BARELY fit.
Actually perhaps it didn’t fit by about 1/4” because when I closed the trunk it pushed the lumber slight forward and cracked the windshield all the way across!
TIP 14: My father did this exact build a number of years ago and he did not cover the sides with any wood and nobody has ever noticed.
And it performs perfectly so this is a much quicker and cheaper option if you don’t want to show off your furniture making skills.
NOTE: If you chose this method there is an important step that you must take.
For 6” high lumber you must add two lengths of 1” x 4” x 8′ cut to length and fastened to the bottom of the frame near the rails on each side.
This will support the bottom of your joints so they won’t want to fold over like dominoes.
Mattress on Plywood
Yes, it is ok to put a mattress on plywood under the correct circumstances. For example, some options are only “Good One Side” so if you install it “upside-down” the imperfections can damage the mattress. This is only an issue if you have a two-sided mattress that you flip each month.
Mattresses have been installed in RVs and travel trailers for decades. My father has a 1974 Airstream trailer with the original mattress that is installed on plywood. And it has been abused as a hunting camp for about 20 years and still has no mold issues.